Let’s talk about amblyopia.
Amblyopia is a fancy word for a lazy eye. It just doesn’t want to get up in the morning, doesn’t want to complete it’s chores, you know the drill. It usually happens in only one eye, and starts at a very young age, usually infancy. This usually results in reduced vision later in life, but if it’s caught early and treated this can be avoided.
Who should be screened?
Why, your children of course. That is unless you are a child between the ages 3-5 reading this article, in that case, I’m talking about you. The benefits of screening children under the age of 3 are uncertain, and therefore there is no official recommendation to do so. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends screening for distance visual acuity, ocular alignment, and ocular media clarity for children 3 to 6 years of age and older.
What can we do about it?
The treatment is usually non-invasive, and consists of turning your child into a pirate for a small period of time. A simple eye-patch that is. Other treatments consist of special corrective lenses, or atropine treatment for the non-affected eye. Although there are more modern treatments aimed at treating lazy eye later on in life, most ophthalmologists maintain that the critical age to treat is before 8, so make sure your children get screened early in life.
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Knowledge is power. It’s very important for each of us to understand what our options are, and what evidence supports each option. Preventing diseases before they start is often the most efficient way to be healthy, and this starts by screening for the diseases that are appropriate for us depending on age, gender, and other factors. Download our app to go through a short list of questions, and receive a personalized list of the appropriate screening recommendations for you. More information about each of these tests is provided through the app, so that you can stay informed and educated.
Here are a few studies and references which prove the efficacy of screening and early treatment for HIV. Feel free to contact us for more information about the matter, we would be happy to provide it for you.
American Academy of Family Physicians. Recommendations for Clinical Preventive Services: Visual Impairment, Children.
Stewart CE, Stephens DA, Fielder AR, Moseley MJ; ROTAS Cooperative. Objectively monitored patching regimens for treatment of amblyopia: randomised trial. BMJ 2007;335(7622):707.
Williams C, Northstone K, Harrad RA, Sparrow JM, Harvey I; ALSPAC Study Team. Amblyopia treatment outcomes after screening before or at age 3 years: follow up from randomised trial. BMJ 2002;324(7353):1549.